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The History of World Teachers’ Day
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), which was established on November, 16, 1945, believes that education, culture and communication are the means to building peace.
UNESCO inaugurated World Teachers’ Day in 1994 to focus attention on the contributions, achievements, concerns and priorities of teachers. October 5 was selected as the date to internationally celebrate teachers because, on that date in 1966, a special intergovernmental conference adopted the UNESCO recommendation concerning the status of teachers.
This recommendation gave teachers throughout the world, for the first time, an instrument that defines their responsibilities and asserts their rights. In adopting this recommendation, governments unanimously recognized the right of every society to have competent, qualified and motivated teachers.
During the last 12 years, the response to World Teachers’ Day has been positive, an indication that people are becoming increasingly aware of the vital contribution that teachers make to education and development. Some countries, such as Taiwan, celebrate Teachers’ Day as a national holiday.